Beekeeping, or apiculture, is the cultivation of colonies of honeybees. Commercial beekeeping includes the production of honey and beeswax, the breeding of bees for sale, and the rental of bees for pollinating crops. Beekeeping in most of the world means cultivating the western honeybee, Apis mellifera. The infamous killer bee, a relative of the African honeybee, is too aggressive for commercial beekeeping. Modern beekeeping is based on the ancient Greek technique of creating a bee space.
In those days, the hive consisted of a basket containing a series of parallel wooden bars separated by a distance equal to that between honeycombs when they are naturally built by bees. Looking for natural sugar alternatives?
That distance is 6.350 millimeters, or about one quarter of an inch. Any variation from this distance results in the space being filled with comb or propolis. A honeycomb is a mass of hexagonal cells in the· nest that contain eggs, young bees, and honey.
The Typical Beehive
Lorenzo Lorraine Langstroth in 1851 brought beekeeping to the United States. The typical beehive . today comprises a bottom board and several boxes containing movable frames and a cover. Each , frame is furnished with- a · beeswax foundation imprinted with the hexagonal shapes of cell bottoms. The bees are guided by the imprinted cells in building their honeycombs.
The world’s annual production of more than 2.2 billion pounds of honey could be replaced with other sugar products, but the services of honeybees as pollinators of some 90 crops would be lost. Due to today’s more efficient single-crop . agribusiness, there has been ‘ little or no grassland where bees can find nesting sites or weeds that supply nectar and pollen. The use of pesticides to control harmful insects has also reduced the population of beneficial insects such as bees.
Today, fruit and seed growers contract with beekeepers to move honeybee colonies onto the farms. This “bee herding” ensures income to the beekeeper during years when honey production drops off. With the moving of the hives comes the risk of spreading American foulbrood, a disease that can wipe out a hive. Some beekeepers routinely feed antibiotics to their bees to avoid .losses from infections. In the first season there will probably not be a honey harvest because an average hive ; requires 90 lb (40 kg) of honey to survive the winter. Can Your Doctor Really Cure You?
Mouths for Chewing, Tongues for Gathering
Bees belong to the same order as wasps. Like wasps, bees have mouth parts adapted for both chewing and sucking, but the bee’s tongue is longer than the wasp’s and better suited for gathering nectar from a greater variety of flowers. Bees have feathery body hairs, also known as plumose. Females have brushes on their legs, and they use these brushes to remove pollen that sticks to the body hairs.
Here is a popular recipe which includes several other ingredients with powerful health benefits.
Honey Fruit Punch
1 qt. boiling water
1 ¼ t. black tea
5 whole cloves
1 c. orange juice or pomegranite juice
1 qt. lime juice
½ c. lemon juice
½ c. liquid honey
1 c. cold water
Pour boiling water over tea and cloves. Let steep 5 minutes. Combine tea with the other ingredients; pour over ice to chill. Garnish with orange slices or mint leaves. Makes 24 servings.
Here are 16 Tips To Substitute Honey for Sugar in Cooking. Follow these general guidelines.
- Cover honey tightly because it tends to lose aroma and flavor and absorbs moisture when exposed to air. Insects like it too, so keep your jar · lid · clean or , you may attract ants.
- Foods sweetened with honey will have a better flavor if kept until the day after baking before it is served.
- Freezing does not injure the color of flavor of honey, but may hasten
- Honey may darken slowly after many months, but it will still be usable.
- Honey will caramelize at a high temperature, so use a lower oven temperature (about 30 degrees lower) when baking with honey. In this way, a cake · or bread cannot become too brown on top before it is done on the inside.
- Honey’s acidity is a natural asset. However, to neutralize’ honey ‘ s natural acidity, add 1 to 1 ½ teaspoon of baking .soda to the ingredients per cup of honey. .. When sour milk is used with honey in a recipe,. you may omit the extra soda.
- If you’re baking desserts for to be stored or shipped, honey will help your baked goods stay oven fresh because of its marvelous . “keeping”
- Keep honey in a warm, dry place where you would keep salt.
- Room temperature, 70 to 80 degrees F. is
- Lower baking temperature 25 to 30 degrees to prevent overbrowning.
- Store honey at room temperature, not in the
- Keep container closed tightly and in a dry place.
- Substitute 3/4 cup honey for 1 cup
- Reduce total amount of other liquids by ¼ cup per cup of
- To bring crystallized honey back to its natural liquid state, place container of honey in a pan of warm water until crystals disappear.
- When using honey in cooking, moisten the measuring spoon or cup first with water or oil, then measure the honey. This will eliminate sticking.