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Symptoms Of Magnesium Deficiency: An Important Mineral

In the realm of essential minerals for our body’s optimal functioning, magnesium stands out as a true unsung hero. Often referred to as the ‘mighty mineral,’ magnesium plays a pivotal role in numerous biochemical processes that support everything from nerve function and muscle contraction to immune system regulation and bone health. Despite its significance, magnesium deficiency is a common concern that often goes unnoticed.

This article delves into the critical importance of magnesium, shedding light on the key role it plays in our well-being and exploring the subtle signs that might indicate you’re not getting enough of this vital nutrient. Join us as we uncover the nuances of magnesium deficiency and empower you with the knowledge to ensure your body’s magnesium needs are met.

Symptoms of Magnesium Deficiency

Magnesium is an essential trace mineral, which operates on a cellular level and accumulates in organs and tissues. It is a cofactor for hundreds of enzymes and therefore involved in more than 300 regulatory and biochemical functions such as energy production; synthesis of essential molecules (DNA, RNA and proteins); hormonal pathways and regulation of other minerals (calcium, copper, zinc, potassium) and vitamin D in the body.

Magnesium is also necessary to get calcium into bone matter and plays a structural role in making strong bones and teeth with calcium and vitamin D. This is what contributes to us getting healthier. It is required for temperature regulations, transmission of nerve impulses, detoxification in the liver, and for optimal functioning of all systems in the body such as nervous, muscular, cardiovascular and excretory systems.

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Besides, these myriad functions magnesium is the vitally important mineral that works as an electrolyte and maintain electrical stability of every cell in the body especially the heart, muscles, brain and kidneys. Therefore, magnesium deficiency makes people susceptible to a wide range of clinical and subclinical symptoms:

Guarding Heart Health: Cardiovascular Symptoms

Magnesium, often referred to as the “miracle mineral,” plays a vital role in maintaining a healthy cardiovascular system. This essential nutrient is involved in regulating heart rhythm, blood pressure, and overall heart muscle function. When magnesium levels are insufficient, a range of cardiovascular symptoms can arise. These may include irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias), high blood pressure, and even an increased risk of heart disease.

The link between magnesium deficiency and cardiovascular health is a critical one, emphasizing the importance of proper magnesium intake for the well-being of our heart. Addressing magnesium intake can contribute to a strong and resilient heart and overall cardiovascular system.

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Mind Matters: Magnesium Deficiency and Neurological Symptoms

Magnesium, often revered for its physical health benefits, also wields a profound influence on our neurological well-being. This essential mineral is intricately involved in nerve function and neurotransmitter regulation, making it a critical player in maintaining a healthy nervous system. When magnesium levels are insufficient, a range of neurological symptoms can emerge.

These may include anxiety, depression, mood swings, and even migraines. The impact of magnesium deficiency on neurological health goes beyond these surface-level symptoms – it can contribute to an increased risk of neurodegenerative disorders as well. Understanding the connection between magnesium deficiency and neurological health underscores the significance of ensuring an adequate intake of this essential mineral. Addressing magnesium deficiency can promote optimal neurological function and overall mental well-being.

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Balancing Digestive Harmony: Gastrointestinal Disturbances

Magnesium, often celebrated for its role in supporting overall health, extends its influence to our gastrointestinal system as well. A deficiency in magnesium can lead to a variety of gastrointestinal disturbances that can disrupt the delicate balance of our digestive processes. Magnesium contributes to smooth muscle function throughout the digestive tract, aiding in the movement of food and waste. When magnesium levels are insufficient, constipation can occur due to impaired muscle contractions in the intestines.

Magnesium deficiency has been linked to acid reflux and even a heightened risk of inflammatory bowel diseases. Recognizing the connection between magnesium and gastrointestinal health is crucial for maintaining proper digestion and ensuring our bodies absorb the essential nutrients they need. Magnesium intake can promote a healthier digestive system.

Unraveling the Connection: Magnesium Deficiency and Muscular Symptoms

Magnesium, often referred to as the “mighty mineral,” is not only vital for overall health but also plays a significant role in maintaining proper muscle function. A deficiency in this essential nutrient can lead to a range of muscular symptoms that should not be overlooked. Muscles rely on magnesium to contract and relax effectively. When magnesium levels are inadequate, muscle cramps, twitches, and spasms can occur.

These discomforting symptoms are not only bothersome but also indicative of an underlying magnesium imbalance. Magnesium intake can alleviate these symptoms and contribute to better muscle health overall.

Nurturing Strong Foundations: Bone & Teeth Health

When we think about bone and teeth health, calcium often takes the spotlight. However, magnesium is a crucial partner in this intricate dance of skeletal well-being. Magnesium is involved in the regulation of calcium metabolism and plays a pivotal role in the formation and maintenance of bones and teeth. A deficiency in this vital mineral can have a profound impact on the integrity of our skeletal system.

Inadequate magnesium levels can lead to reduced bone density, an increased risk of fractures, and even dental issues. Consider magnesium intake for the sake of maintaining strong and resilient skeletal structures.

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Magnesium Deficiency and Its Link to Kidney Disease

Magnesium, an essential mineral that contributes to numerous bodily functions, holds a particularly important role in kidney health. However, magnesium deficiency is a concern that can arise, especially in individuals with kidney disease. The kidneys play a vital role in maintaining magnesium balance in the body. When kidney function is compromised, it can lead to an impaired ability to regulate magnesium levels, potentially resulting in a deficiency. Understanding the intricate relationship between magnesium and kidney health is crucial for those at risk of kidney disease or those already grappling with this condition.

Navigating the Connection: Magnesium and Diabetes

The relationship between magnesium and diabetes is a significant one, with this essential mineral playing a crucial role in blood sugar regulation and insulin function. Magnesium is involved in over 300 enzymatic reactions in the body, some of which are directly linked to glucose metabolism. A deficiency in magnesium can impair insulin sensitivity, leading to difficulties in maintaining stable blood sugar levels.

Studies have shown that individuals with lower magnesium levels are at a higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Additionally, for those already living with diabetes, magnesium deficiency can exacerbate complications and hinder proper glycemic control. Understanding the intricate interplay between magnesium and diabetes is key for both prevention and management.

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Balancing Thyroid Health: Magnesium and Thyroid Issues

The thyroid, a small but mighty gland in our neck, plays a crucial role in regulating various bodily functions, from metabolism to energy production. Magnesium, often dubbed the “master mineral,” is intricately linked to thyroid health. This essential mineral supports the conversion of thyroid hormones and helps maintain the delicate balance of the thyroid’s activities. A deficiency in magnesium can disrupt thyroid function, potentially leading to issues such as hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. These conditions can bring about a range of symptoms, from fatigue and weight changes to mood fluctuations.

Recognizing the connection between magnesium deficiency and thyroid health is vital for ensuring optimal thyroid function and overall well-being. Magnesium intake can contribute to a harmonious and balanced thyroid function.

Restoring Rest: Magnesium Deficiency and Insomnia

Achieving a good night’s sleep, the role of magnesium often takes center stage. This essential mineral is known for its calming properties, playing a pivotal role in regulating neurotransmitters that promote relaxation and restful sleep. Magnesium helps activate the parasympathetic nervous system, often referred to as the “rest and digest” system, which is essential for winding down and preparing the body for sleep.

A deficiency in magnesium can disrupt this delicate balance, potentially leading to insomnia or poor sleep quality. Symptoms of magnesium deficiency, such as muscle tension and anxiety, can further contribute to sleep disturbances. Understanding the link between magnesium deficiency and insomnia underscores the importance of ensuring sufficient magnesium intake for a restorative night’s sleep.

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Guarding Maternal Health: Pre-eclampsia/Eclampsia

Pregnancy is a transformative journey, and the role of magnesium in supporting maternal well-being during this time cannot be overstated. Magnesium plays a crucial role in muscle relaxation, blood pressure regulation, and overall cardiovascular health – factors that are particularly significant during pregnancy. Pre-eclampsia and eclampsia are serious conditions that can arise during pregnancy, characterized by high blood pressure and, in the case of eclampsia, seizures. Magnesium sulfate is a common medical intervention used to prevent and treat these conditions.

Understanding the role of magnesium deficiency in the development of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia is equally important. A deficiency in magnesium can contribute to blood vessel constriction and increased blood pressure, potentially heightening the risk of these conditions. Recognizing the link between magnesium deficiency and maternal health underscores the importance of proper magnesium intake during pregnancy.

Magnesium Deficiency Symptoms

Studies suggest that women who suffer from premenstrual syndrome (PMS) such as bloating, insomnia, leg swelling, weight gain and breast tenderness are often deficient in magnesium. Low levels of magnesium may also increase the risk of developing asthma, arthritis, Alzheimer’s disease and certain cancer. If you are suffering from more than one of the above symptoms and diseases, you are more likely to be magnesium deficient and can get healthier and benefit by adding this nutrient.  

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In fact, magnesium is used in the hospitals as a critical “medication” in emergency situations such as life-threatening arrhythmia, pre-term labor, seizures associated with eclampsia or complications from preeclampsia. Several research studies show that intravenous (IV) magnesium and magnesium inhaled through a nebulizer can treat acute attacks of asthma in adults and children.

Magnesium in Drinking Water

Though, magnesium is found abundantly on earth and in natural water sources, modern lifestyle habits may be the reason behind the prevalent magnesium deficiency. Industrial monoculture agricultural practices use massive amount of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides and insecticides that are absorbed into the soil, making soil depleted and the food produce deficient in natural minerals. Drinking water from municipal supplies is also devoid of minerals that are found in healthy drinking water from natural sources and its fluoride content actually hinders magnesium absorption.

Consumption of a highly-processed, refined diet (that contains no magnesium) with too much sugar and salt, caffeine, soda, alcohol depletes body’s magnesium stores and lead to leaky gut syndrome which makes you unable to absorb vital nutrients (vitamins and minerals) from your food. Focus on getting healthier with good foods.  Hectic working schedules and prolonged and intense stress can lead to complete depletion of magnesium stores, as magnesium is required for stress hormone production.

Magnesium Deficiency Symptoms

Magnesium and Medications

Some drugs like birth control pills, antacid, antibiotics, diuretics, insulin and hypertension medicine also deplete magnesium levels. In certain conditions (such as pregnancy, recovery from surgery and illnesses, and athletic training) you become more susceptible for magnesium deficiency because of increased requirement.

To treat magnesium deficiency you first need to heal your digestive system and restore gut health by eating magnesium rich foods such as seeds (flax, pumpkin, sun flower, sesame), nuts, green leafy vegetables, legumes especially beans, avocado and whole grains. Other dietary sources of magnesium are bananas, baked potatoes (with skin), okra, blackstrap molasses and cocoa powder.

Try magnesium rich seaweeds (Agar), herbs and spices (coriander, celery, sage, mustard, basil, fennel, poppy and cumin seed) to flavor your regular meals. Also, dark chocolate is good source of magnesium, so if you are craving for chocolate, your body might need that chocolate fix. These foods will help you get healthier.  

Dark chocolate is a great source of magnesium plus it has many other health benefits

Consider Topical Magnesium

If you have magnesium deficiency it is difficult to raise enough magnesium levels through diet alone, so you need to topically apply magnesium chloride also known as magnesium oil or soak in Epsom salt bath for better absorption of magnesium through your skin in the blood and tissues of the body and reverse magnesium deficiency symptoms like swelling, inflammation, and muscle aches and pains. Practicing relaxation techniques like meditation and yoga will further help in reducing your stress levels and demand for magnesium in your body.

If you are considering magnesium supplementation go for more absorbable forms such as magnesium citrate, glycinate, taurate, or aspartate. Also, it will be a good idea to take a multi-vitamin-mineral formula with magnesium supplement as you need enough vitamin B6, vitamin D and selenium for proper absorption of magnesium into the cells. As a precautionary measure people suffering from kidney disease or severe heart disease should take magnesium supplementation only under a doctor’s supervision. Let’s get healthier together!

Dr. Patrick Quillin

Dr. Patrick Quillin, PhD,RD,CNS is an internationally recognized expert in the area of nutrition and health. He has 30 years experience as a clinical nutritionist, of which 10 years were spent as the Vice President for a leading cancer hospital system where he worked with thousands of cancer patients in a hospital setting. He is a Best Selling Author with 18 books which have sold over 2,000,000 copies and also a Keynote Speaker.

2 thoughts on “Symptoms Of Magnesium Deficiency: An Important Mineral

  • Nancy Francis

    Great article. I placed an order for the Immunopower 7.0
    Nancy Francis


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